The 1953 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament involved 22 schools playing in single-elimination play to determine the national champion of men's NCAA Division I college basketball. It began on March 10, 1953, and ended with the championship game on March 18 in Kansas City, Missouri. A total of 26 games were played, including a third place game in each region and a national third place game. At this time, the NCAA tournament was still considered a second rate tournament compared to the NIT.
Indiana, coached by Branch McCracken, won the tournament title with a 69-68 victory in the final game over Kansas, coached by Phog Allen. B.H. Born of Kansas was named the tournament's Most Outstanding Player.