Warhol showed early artistic talent and studied commercial art at the School of Fine Arts at Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (now Carnegie Mellon University). In 1949, he moved to New York City and began a successful career in magazine illustration and advertising. During the 1950s, he gained fame for his whimsical ink drawings of shoe advertisements. These were done in a loose, blotted ink style, and figured in some of his earliest showings in New York at the Bodley Gallery. With the concurrent rapid expansion of the record industry and the introduction of the vinyl record, Hi-Fi, and stereophonic recordings, RCA Records hired Warhol, along with another freelance artist, Sid Maurer, to design album covers and promotional materials.
Warhol graduates from Schenley High School and enrols in the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, where he studies painting and design. During the summers he works as a window dresser for a local department store.
After graduating, Warhol moves to Manhattan, and drops the final a from his surname. One of Warhol's first freelance jobs is at Glamour magazine. He becomes a successful commercial artist, working for most of the major fashion magazines throughout the 50s, doing album covers for Columbia Records, designing Christmas cards, book jackets and retail ad campaigns, including the now famous shoe ads for I Miller. He is so successful that he has to hire assistants, even enlisting the help of his mother, who moved to New York once Warhol was earning enough money to support them both.
Warhol graduated from the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh with a Bachelor of Fine Arts in pictorial design.
While at college Warhol had worked in the display department at the Joseph Horne department store. He had also frequented a local gallery called Outlines where he had been exposed to the work of Joseph Cornell, Marcel Duchamp, John Cage and Buckminster Fuller. He had also taught art classes at the Irene Kaufmann Settlement while still in college. (AWM7)
PHILIP PEARLSTEIN, a friend from college accompanied Warhol to Manhattan. Pearlstein would later go on to become an important realist painter.
Warhol and Pearlstein subleased an eighth-floor walkup tenement apartment on St. Mark's Place (and Avenue A) for the summer. According to Pearlstein, "The bathtub was in the kitchen and it was usually full of roaches, incredible roaches."
When they moved a few months later to the large front room of dancer FRANCESCA BOAS's loft on West 23rd Street, Andy sent out address change cards in small envelopes filled with glitter announcing, "I've moved from one roach-ridden apartment to another."