The Battle of Kampar was an engagement of World War II between the 11th Indian Infantry Division and the Japanese 5th Division. The battle lasted from December 30, 1941 to January 2, 1942.
Kampar had a strong natural defensive position, which the Indians occupied on December 27. Their purpose in defending Kampar was to prevent the capture of RAF Kuala Lumpur and, at the same time, to allow enough time for the 9th Indian Infantry Division to withdraw from the east coast.
The Japanese intended to capture Kampar as a New Year’s gift to Emperor Hirohito, but Lieutenant General Arthur Percival's decision to set up an ambush at Kampar, managed to slow the rapid Japanese advance down. Allied forces were able to hold their position for four days before withdrawing on January 2.
The site overlooking Kampar is set on what is now called Green Ridge. That ridge, together with the nearby Thompson, Kennedy and Cemetery Ridges overlook the main road to the south from Ipoh, Perak, and were of great strategical value. The ridges sit on top of the Gunong Brijang Melaka, a 4,070 foot limestone mountain. This jungle covered mountain offered a clear view of the surrounding plains covered with open tin mining sites and swamps. The Gunong Brijang Melaka lies to the east of the town of Kampar, it's steep slopes leading down to the Kampar Road. With this town and the mountain under control, the Japanese Army would have an excellent view of the Kinta Valley to the south. Allied forces knew that if the 5th Division of the Imperial Japanese Army captured Kampar, they would also be able to use it as a foothold into the Kinta Valley.
With the beginning of General Tomoyuki Yamashita's 25th Army invasion of Malaya the III Indian Corps, defending the north of Malaya, was forced into a series of costly retreats southwards. The outcome of these retreats, ordered by Malaya Command, was a badly mauled and decimated British infantry. The losses suffered by the 11th Indian Division in the ...