Western region of Czechoslovakia, occupied by German troops on March 15, 1939 and declared by Adolf Hitler to be a German "protectorate" (a euphemistic term for a subjugated state) belonging to the Reich. On the eve of the German occupation, 118,310 Jews lived in the region, whose capital was Prague.
Immediately after the occupation, a wave of arrests began, mostly of refugees from Germany, Czech public figures, and Jews. Fascist organizations began harassing Jews: synagogues were burnt down and Jews were rounded up and attacked in the streets. In June Adolf Eichmann arrived
in Prague to establish the Central Office for Jewish Emigration (Zentralstelle Fuer Juedische Auswanderung), to encourage the Jews to leave the country. In fact, 26,629 Jews managed to emigrate, legally or not, before emigration was completely banned in October 1941.
Also in June, a decree was issued barring Jews in the protectorate from almost all economic activity, and much Jewish property was seized. Jewish businesses were "bought" by Germans using force and threats. In all, the Germans seized about a half-billion dollars worth of Jewish property in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.