Anglo-French Forces, 50,000
Maj. Gen. Dobell
Brig. Gen. Aymerich
Brig. Gen. Cunliffe
Lieut. Col. MacLear
German-Native Forces, 6,000
Unidentified German Officers
The conquest of the German Kameruns, a vast inland empire with a population of 3,500,000, occupied the Allies the greater part of five months. Here the Germans had organized a large force of native levies, mostly Bantus and Sudanese, who were drilled and led by German officers and provided with machine guns.
Excepting in the highlands, the Kameruns is not habitable for whites. Its climate is deadly and it contains vast stretches of desert land visited by sand storms. Early in August, 1914, the Allies invaded the Kameruns from three directions—two French columns crossing the border from the Congo, while an English force crossed over from Nigeria.
On August 31, 1914, a brigade of Dublin Fusiliers, with some native troops, led by Lieut. Col. MacLear, while attempting to storm the German position at Garna, were almost annihilated by machine-gun fire, the remnant of the British forces retreating into Nigeria.
A second British expedition, composed largely of native Nigerians, occupied the German station of Nsanakong in August. Here they were surprised by a large German force and defeated with heavy losses. The surviving Nigerians cut their way out with the bayonet and escaped back to Nigeria. About the same time, a third British-Nigerian force occupied and held Archibong. In retaliation, the Germans sent a force across the Nigerian frontier, which seized and occupied the station at Okuri.
Surrender of Duala, the Capital
Naval operations were begun on the west coast in September, when the Germans sowed the channel of the Kamerun estuary with mines and further attempted to obstruct the waterway to Duala, the capital, by sinking several old steamships in the channel. British gunboats, however, soon cleared the passage and a fleet of British troopships steamed up the estuary on Septembr ...