The Battle of Cabin Creek took place on July 1, 1863, in Mayes County, Oklahoma during the American Civil War.
The First Kansas Colored Infantry (led by Col. James M. Williams) led a Union supply train from Fort Scott, Kansas to Fort Gibson, Oklahoma (then Indian Territory). As Williams approached the Cabin Creek crossing, he was informed that the Confederates, under Col. Stand Watie, were intending to ambush them with about 1,600 to 1,800 men. Watie was waiting for approximately 1,500 reinforcements led by Brig. Gen. William L. Cabell to attack. However, due to high water on the Grand River, Cabell was unable to make it to the Cabin Creek crossing in time. Williams eventually forced the Confederates to retreat with a series of two cavalry charges and an artillery barrage. The wagon train eventually made it to Fort Gibson and delivered the supplies