The first significant attempt to emulate the ancient Olympic Games was the L'Olympiade de la République, a national Olympic festival held annually from 1796 to 1798 in Revolutionary France. The competition included several disciplines from the ancient Greek Olympics. The 1796 Games also marked the introduction of the metric system into sport.
The first event, held on 22 September 1796, brought in over 300,000 spectators at the Champ de Mars. Festivities included opening ceremonies dedicated to peace and fertility, footraces, equestrian events, and chariot races. The closing ceremony involved fireworks and an all night festival.